Peyronie's disease (pay-roe-NEEZ) is a noncancerous illness that produces curved, painful erections due to fibrous scar tissue that forms on the penis. Penises come in various shapes and sizes, and a curved erection is not always a reason for alarm. In some men, however, Peyronie's illness produces a considerable bend or discomfort.
Peyronie's disease can prohibit you from having sex or make it difficult to obtain or keep an erection (erectile dysfunction). It is also one of the prevalent causes of worry and anxiety in men. Another typical issue is penile shortening.
Peyronie's disease is a chronic infection that rarely goes away on its own. As a result, most men with this condition will see no improvement or worsening of their condition. However, if administered shortly after the onset of the illness, early treatment may prevent symptoms from worsening or perhaps improve them. In addition, treatment may help relieve uncomfortable symptoms, including curvature, discomfort and penile shortening, even if you have had the disease for an extended period.
Pain during erections typically goes away after a year or two, although scar tissue, penile shortening, and curvature are common side effects. Both the curvature and the discomfort associated with Peyronie's disease can improve in some men without treatment.
If you detect signs or symptoms of Peyronie's disease, see your doctor as soon as possible. Early treatment provides you with the best chance of improving or preventing the condition from worsening. In addition, if the discomfort, curvature, length, or other abnormalities affect you or your spouse. So, you should visit a doctor if you have had the issue for a while.
The signs and symptoms of Peyronie's disease might occur suddenly or develop over time. However, the following are the most prevalent indications of this condition:
- Scar tissue- The scar tissue associated with Peyronie's disease, known as plaque but distinct from plaque that forms in blood vessels, can be felt as flat lumps or a ring of hard tissue beneath the skin of the penis.
- The penis has a substantial curve to it- Your penis may bow to one side or curve upward or downward.
- Erection problems- Peyronie's illness can make acquiring or keeping an erection (erectile dysfunction) difficult. On the other hand, men frequently experience erectile dysfunction before the onset of Peyronie's disease symptoms.
- Penis shortening- Peyronie's illness might cause your penis to get shorter.
- Pain- You may have penile discomfort whether or not you have an erection.
- Another type of penile malformation-The erect penis of some men with Peyronie's disease may narrow, have indentations, or even have an hourglass-like look, with a tight, thin band around the shaft.
Peyronie's disease can cause penile curvature and shortening, which can get worse with time. The disorder, on the other hand, usually stabilises after three to twelve months.
The exact aetiology of Peyronie's disease is unknown. However, several variables appear to be involved.
Peyronie's disease is considered to be caused by repeated injuries to the penis. The penis, for example, might be injured during intercourse, physical activity, or an accident. The majority of the time, however, no specific penile trauma is mentioned.
Scar tissue grows in an unorganised manner during the healing process following a penile injury. It might result in a visible nodule or the development of curvature.
A sponge-like tube (corpus cavernosum) on either side of the penis contains numerous small blood veins. The tunica albuginea (TOO-nih-kuh al-BYOO-JIN-e-uh) is a sheath of elastic tissue that surrounds each corpora cavernosa and expands during an erection.
Blood flow to these chambers rises when you get sexually stimulated. The penis grows, straightens, and stiffens into an erection when the chambers fill with blood.
When the penis gets erect in Peyronie's disease, the scar tissue area does not expand, and the penis bends or becomes deformed and potentially painful. Peyronie's disease affects some men gradually and does not appear to be caused by accident. Instead, Peyronie's disease may be connected to a hereditary characteristic or specific health circumstance.
Minor injuries to the penis do not typically cause Peyronie's disease. However, several variables can lead to poor wound healing and scar tissue formation, which may play a role in developing Peyronie's disease. These are a few of the factors that might make you more prone to this medical condition:
You have a higher risk of getting Peyronie's disease if a family member has it.
- Connective tissue disorders
Peyronie's disease appears to be more prevalent in men who have specific connective tissue diseases. A cordlike thickening across the palms of several males with Peyronie's disease, for example, causes the fingers to draw inward.
Peyronie's disease can affect males of any age, but it becomes more common as they age, especially among men in their 50s and 60s. Curvature in younger men is more often caused by congenital penile curvature rather than Peyronie's disease. Therefore, in younger males, a tiny degree of curvature is typical and not cause for concern.
Moreover, Peyronie's disease might be caused by various causes, including certain health problems, smoking, and some types of prostate surgery.
Peyronie's disease can cause a variety of complications, including:
- Inability to engage in sexual activity.
- Having trouble getting or keeping an erection (erectile dysfunction).
- Anxiety or worry over your sexual talents or penis' look.
- Your sexual partner's connection will be strained as a result of your stress.
- Fathering a child is difficult or impossible because intercourse is difficult or impossible.
- Penis length is shorter.
Peyronies can also cause discomfort in the penile.
The presence of scar tissue in the penis and the diagnosis of Peyronie's disease may frequently be determined by a physical examination. Other illnesses that elicit comparable symptoms are uncommon and must be ruled out.
The following tests may be used to diagnose Peyronie's disease and determine the specific cause of your symptoms:
When your penis is not erect, your doctor will feel (palpate) your penis to determine the location and amount of scar tissue. They may also take your penis length into account. If the disease worsens, this first measurement might be used to see if the penis has shrunk.
Your doctor may also request that you bring in photographs of your erect penis that you took at home. It can reveal the degree of curvature, the location of scar tissue, and other data that can aid in determining the best treatment option.
When your penis is erect, your doctor may request an ultrasound or other procedures to check it. Before the test, you will probably get an injection directly into your penis to get it erect.
The most frequent test for penile anomalies is ultrasound. Sound waves are used in ultrasound exams to create pictures of soft tissues. These tests can reveal scar tissue, irregular blood flow to the penis, and other issues.
Peyronie's disease cures itself in a small percentage of instances (about 13 out of 100). For the first 12 months after the illness is first discovered, most health care professionals recommend treating it without surgery. Men with tiny plaques, little penis curvature, slight discomfort, and no sex difficulties may not require treatment.
Homoeopathy treatment is one of the best options to treat Peyronie's disease. Homoeopathy is a whole medical discipline with distinct advantages over other medicinal systems. When recommending a treatment, it analyses the body and mind, meaning the psychological and physical makeup in addition to the disease's overall progression.
If you want to have a proper treatment for Peyronie's disease, consult with your primary healthcare provider.