Osteoporosis is a bone condition that makes your bones weak and easily breakable. These bones are more likely to get fractured from a fall or stress. It occurs when your body takes time to make new bones, and the old bones get fragile. The major bones that get affected by osteoporosis include hip bone, wrist, or spine. In severe osteoporosis cases, your bones might break while sneezing or coughing. Even minor bumps or body twists may lead to bone fracture.
Osteoporosis affects healthy bones and makes them lose their density. You may undergo a bone density test as it will help you check your bone strength. Women who have crossed menopause are at a high risk of getting osteoporosis. However, having a healthy diet and a few particular prescribed medications and performing weight training exercises might help you prevent osteoporosis.
The common symptoms include:
- Back pain (as a result of weakened or collapsed vertebrae)
- Losing height over time
- Hunched posture
- Easy fractures
However, the symptoms do not appear in the early stages of osteoporosis. Therefore, you must consult an orthopaedic doctor if you have experienced menopause recently.
Bone breakage and formation is steady in nature. Your body continuously makes new bones and gets rid of old bones. The process runs smoothly during young age leading to a high bone mass. New bone formation slows down after the early 20s, and most people have increased bone mass during their 30s. As you age, the bone mass reduces rapidly.
Your osteoporosis condition depends on your accumulated bone mass during your young age. Moreover, your age, race, lifestyle, and medical conditions also determine osteoporosis risks.
The most common risk factors that cause osteoporosis include:
- Sex: Women are at a high risk to get osteoporosis in comparison to men.
- Age: It is more common in adults and older people.
- Race: Asian populations are vulnerable to get osteoporosis.
- Family history: If your parents or siblings had osteoporosis, then you may develop it. The chances increase if either of your parents had a hip fracture.
Body frame size: If you have a small body frame, you may develop osteoporosis. It is because small body frames accumulate less bone mass.
You can not change these risk factors, and if you fit in any of the above factors, you may develop osteoporosis as you age.
Osteoporosis is influenced by sudden changes in hormone levels. Some hormones that affect this condition include:
- Sex hormones: Low sex hormones can lead to bone loss. After menopause, a woman undergoes hormonal changes, and the estrogen level reduces. Menopause is the most common factors of osteoporosis in women. Moreover, treatment of breast and prostate cancer changes estrogen and testosterone levels that may lead to osteoporosis.
- Thyroid hormone: Overactive thyroid secrets lots of thyroid hormones that lead to bone loss. Moreover, if you have undergone medications to treat underactive thyroid, it may lead to osteoporosis.
- Other glands: Overactive parathyroid and adrenal glands can be a reason for osteoporosis.
You may undergo medications to maintain optimum hormonal levels in your body.
If you follow any of these dietary habits, you may develop osteoporosis.
- Low calcium: If your body lacks calcium, it can lead to low bone density, fracture risks, and early bone loss. It is therefore suggested to maintain an optimum calcium level by adding daily calcium requirements to your diet.
- Eating disorders: If you are underweight and do not consume a healthy diet, you may develop osteoporosis.
- Gastrointestinal surgery: If you have undergone gastrointestinal surgery to reduce your stomach size or remove a part of your intestine, you can develop osteoporosis. It is because the surgery reduces the surface area of your stomach, and the reduced area does not absorb essential nutrients properly.
Your deficient diet can give rise to severe health complications, including osteoporosis. To overcome osteoporosis, you must take a calcium-rich diet to preserve your bone health.
Steroids and other medicines
Long term use of steroids hampers the bone-building process and may lead to deformed bones. Moreover, medications to prevent seizures, cancer, gastric reflux, and transplant rejection can lead to osteoporosis.
The following medical conditions can lead to osteoporosis:
- Celiac disease
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Kidney or liver disease
- Multiple myeloma
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis makes your bones weak and increases inflammation and swelling. Moreover, it makes the bones tender, which enhances the chance of frequent fractures.
Some lifestyle choices may lead to osteoporosis. These are:
- Sedentary lifestyle: If you spend most of your sitting, you may develop osteoporosis. Inactive people may develop osteoporosis more easily than physically active people. To reduce the chances, you can indulge in exercises and other physical activities. You can try weight-bearing practices that promote good posture. Activities like running, jogging, walking, swimming, and jumping are also beneficial in reducing osteoporosis risk.
- Use of tobacco and alcohol: If you regularly consume more than two alcoholic drinks, you may develop osteoporosis. Moreover, regular tobacco consumption leads to weak bones. It reduces bone mass and makes you prone to osteoporosis. Furthermore, tobacco usage can accumulate tar in your lungs and affect your respiratory system. Therefore, it is suggested to reduce alcohol and tobacco consumption to protect your health from degrading.
Osteoporosis can cause bone fractures in your hip and spine and make you bedridden. Hip and spine fractures are severe complications of osteoporosis. In addition, a hip injury and fracture can result in disability and may lead to deaths in some cases. Therefore, it is requested to take proper care to reduce the chances of hip fracture. The most common causes of a hip injury include a sudden fall on the ground or a hard surface.
A spinal injury or fracture may occur without falling. Osteoporosis affects the bones in your vertebral column and leads to their collapse. A weak spinal cord can lead to consistent back pain, hunched posture, and loss of height.
Your doctor may ask you to undergo blood and urine tests to find the possible causes of bone loss. Moreover, they may have a detailed look at your medical history. If the blood and urine tests suggest the possibility of osteoporosis, your doctor may advise you to undergo a bone density test. The chances of osteoporosis rise if your parents had suffered a hip fracture.
Bone density tests measure the bone health in your hip, wrist, and spine as they are majorly affected by osteoporosis. A bone density test gives your doctor an idea about bone deformity. It is a painless test that takes almost 30 minutes to get completed.
As you grow old, your bones become fragile and brittle. Moreover, the deficiency of certain nutrients impacts bone health. Osteoporosis is a condition that impacts your bone and may cause frequent bone loss. Normal bones have a honeycomb structure, whereas, in osteoporosis, the spaces between your bones extend. Unfortunately, it is challenging to diagnose osteoporosis in the early stages as it does not show any symptoms.
To prevent further osteoporosis spread, you may take a homeopathic remedy. However, these remedies may not reverse existing bone loss but help in alleviating pain. In addition, homeopathy promotes bone healing and stability. Finally, it may improve specific symptoms like back pain.
Homeopathy remedies understand your physical and mental health and look for the factors that trigger your osteoporosis. Moreover, the medicines keep your bones intact by absorbing minerals and nutrients from your diet. When your bone absorbs the essential nutrients properly, it heals properly. Thus, homeopathy strengthens the natural and self-healing process of your body.
You can increase the efficiency of homeopathy medicines by adopting the below-mentioned points.
- Increase the intake of calcium as it helps in maintaining your bone density. Reduced calcium intake can make your bone fragile.
- Devote some time to light physical activities like meditation and yoga. Yoga can improve your bone health and control further fractures. However, do not try challenging yoga poses that may make you fall.
- Your body must absorb the calcium properly. If your body cannot absorb calcium, you can correct intestinal absorption of calcium by consulting your doctor.
- Therapeutic corrections enhance the recovery process and improve your condition.
- Maintain the daily intake of calcium through a calcium-rich diet and medicinal supplements.
Homeopathy medicines have proved their efficiency in treating bone loss and maintaining bone mass. They work on the roots of osteoporosis and control its re-occurrence. In chronic osteoporosis, you may need to take the medicines for a long time.