Today liver cysts are seen in only 5% of the population, and among them, only 5% develop symptoms. Thin-walled structures with fluid inside are considered cysts. Usually, a single cyst is seen in patients, but there can be more than one in some cases. Liver cysts can present with symptoms like abdominal fullness, pain or discomfort.
If the patients bleed into the cyst, it can cause upper right quadrant and shoulder ache, but that is rare. The pain recedes gradually, and the bleeding will stop. The cysts do not damage the liver's functioning capacity. Ultrasound or computed tomography can help find the cysts. The liver cysts are mostly benign. The treatment is required when the patient experiences symptoms.
You cannot just remove the fluid from the cyst once and leave it. The liquid will fill up again in some days. The best solution is to remove a large and infected portion of the cyst wall. The procedure is laparoscopic and can be performed with minimum incisions. You will be asked to stay overnight in the hospital. Two weeks are enough for most [patients to recover completely.
The possibility of the cyst reappearing is low. However, a tiny percentage of people suffer from polycystic liver disease, wherein the liver appears like a large cluster of grapes. As the years pass, they might develop a massively enlarged liver resulting in stomach pain and swelling. Rarely, a patient might live a bad quality of life due to pain and fluid. Kidney failure is inevitably associated with polycystic liver disease, but it does not lead to liver failure. Therefore, the only viable solution to PLD is a liver transplant.
The liver cyst can remain undiagnosed for years because a small cyst presents no symptoms. Pain and discomfort can be experienced only when the liver cyst grows in size. Then, the enlargement symptoms like bloating of the abdomen and pain in the upper right part of the stomach can be seen. You can feel the cyst from outside the stomach if it becomes large enough.
Bleeding of the cyst can cause sharp and sudden pain in the upper part of the abdomen. In some cases, no medical interference is required to stop the bleeding. If it stops on its own, the pain improves within a few days.
It is rare for liver cysts to grow and multiply. But if they do so, it can start affecting the nearby organs. For example, a significantly enlarged liver cyst can cause vena cava blockage (it carries blood to the heart). So the doctor might suggest surgical removal of the cyst if they start affecting the other functions. Most liver cysts are non-cancerous, but about 5% of those can be cystic tumours.
Under extreme circumstances, cystic tumours can become malignant and spread over and above the liver. To avoid the possibility, the doctors suggest the complete removal of the cystic tumour. It is always safe to seek help from experts if you have symptoms that point towards liver cysts. If you have severe pain, it is best to see a doctor at the earliest.
Malformation in the bile ducts is the leading cause of liver cysts. However, the causes of malfunction are not known. The digestion is aided by the bile fluid produced by the liver. The fluid is transferred from the liver to the gallbladder via ducts or tubes.
Sometimes people can be born with liver cysts, or they can develop them at an older age. The cysts from birth might go unnoticed until the person reaches adulthood.
Liver cysts can be linked with a parasite called echinococcus. The parasite is found in areas with sheep and cattle, and ingesting contaminated food can expose you to it. Echinococcus can cause cysts in several body parts, including the liver. Polycystic liver disease can be inherited from the immediate family or developed without any reason.
Usually, the liver cysts are congenital, meaning they formed when the person was developing in the womb, before birth. However, a person can develop liver cysts at any point in life, and scientists wonder why? Women are more prone to liver cysts than men. Echinococcus tapeworm infection is also responsible for liver cysts. The parasite is often found in farm animals, including dogs, coyotes and wolves.
The faeces exposure of these animals is enough for a person to contract the infection. It is called hydatid disease, cystic hydatid disease or echinococcus. It can lead to cysts in the brain, kidney, lungs and other organs. PLD usually runs in families. There can be a development of multiple cysts in a person with PLD but no symptoms at all.
In most cases, the liver cysts do not cause any symptoms hence go undiagnosed. However, they can be detected while undergoing imaging tests for a completely different reason. If the patient has signs indicating liver cysts, the doctor asks for imaging tests like MRI, ultrasound or a CT Scan.
If you go to a doctor with a stomach ache or enlarged abdomen, they would generally suggest imaging tests to check for liver abnormalities. Ultrasound or CT Scans are most common. These tests show the images from inside your body and help the doctor see any masses or cysts present.
The liver can regenerate. Therefore, you should consume foods that help the liver regenerate and remain healthy. You can keep the liver function optimal by consuming the below-mentioned food-
- Garlic in food can remove bad cholesterol and toxins in the liver.
- Green leafy veggies can cleanse the liver and improve functioning (spinach, broccoli, etc.)
- Glutathione helps in toxin removal. Avocados contain about 20 nutrients and vitamins that promote glutathione production.
- Apples can remove toxins from the digestive tract and cleanse the liver.
Both acute and chronic liver conditions can be dealt with with homoeopathy. It is a science of healing that is effective in many people. It bears a holistic approach to healing. Homoeopathy does not suppress the disease or its symptoms like conventional methods. Instead, it aims at attacking the root cause. It boosts the body's immune response to deal with the disorder naturally. Suppressing the disease is temporary. When you strengthen the body's immunity instead, it can prevent future recurrence as well.