Blepharospasm is a deformity in which your muscles contract inappropriately. In this condition, the nervous system sends inappropriate signals to the muscles, resulting in improper muscle contraction. As a result, you can witness twitching or involuntary movements in your eyelids.
Blepharospasm includes dry eyes and Tourette’s syndrome. However, there is no apparent reason for experiencing blepharospasm. It is more common in women and majorly affects middle-aged and older women.
In severe cases, an affected person has to give up activities like sports, driving, and socialising. It happens because the person is not able to open their eyes for a longer duration. The muscle spasms affect their eyelids and cause functional blindness.
Blepharospasm causes involuntary eye movements that make a person blink, squint or twitch their eyes. They may find it challenging to keep their eyes open and see the world. The eye muscle contraction becomes more frequent as time passes. Many people with blepharospasm may need to surrender their favourite activities due to uncontrolled muscle spasms. They may feel that they can lose their eyesight while trying to keep their eyes open.
You may feel irregular and then a more frequent blepharospasm episode. The symptoms may progress as follow:
- Spasm due to fatigue or bright lights
- Frequent spasms during the day
- Severe spasms that force eyes to close down for hours. It may pull eyebrows down towards the eyes.
Spasms are not restricted to your eyebrows. It may progress towards your face. As the deformity becomes severe, you may lose control of your eye movements.
There are no apparent causes of blepharospasm. However, the deformity is classified according to its severity. The stages include:
Your eyebrows may flicker during stress and fatigue. However, the extent is small and often unnoticeable. Nevertheless, these are common, and there is no treatment of tics and twitches.
It is an involuntary movement in your eye muscles. For example, you may twitch your eyebrows more frequently for a longer time.
In addition to involuntary eye movements, you may feel a repetitive motion in your mouth and tongue. Meige’s syndrome, also known as oromandibular dystonia, may make you open and close your mouth more frequently. Sometimes, your tongue may poke in and out of your mouth.
The exact causes of blepharospasm are unknown and more research is required in this field. However, it is believed that the working of your brain determines the causes of blepharospasm. In addition, chemical messages play a crucial role in blepharospasm. If these messages do not pass from one nerve cell to another efficiently, one may develop blepharospasm. Moreover, if more than one family member is affected by this disorder, it may pass on to other family members. Therefore, it suggests that genetic factors play a crucial role in blepharospasms.
There are no accurate tests and treatments for blepharospasms. Your doctor uses physical examination and medical history to find its existence. Moreover, they need to rule out the other possible reasons for involuntary eye movements.
Blepharospasms may remain undiagnosed in many people. Often it is misdiagnosed due to its similarity with different disorders. Many times, it is confused with the ptosis of the eyelids. In addition, it may be triggered by medications like antipsychotic drugs. If you are susceptible to blepharospasms, you can check the effect of antipsychotic medications on your health. If you find any irregularity, you may consult your doctor for a proper physical examination. An early diagnosis may help in controlling the symptoms.
Since there is no treatment for blepharospasm, you need to manage its symptoms. The effective ways to manage blepharospasm include:
- The eye muscles get stressed due to increased screen timing. If your eyes are glued to laptops, mobiles, and other electronic devices for a longer duration, you may feel tics and twitches. You can try eye care exercises to decrease eye strain.
- Remain hydrated. Try to drink maximum water according to your body weight.
- Mind-body relaxation. You can try yoga and meditation to keep yourself calm.
- Avoid rubbing your eyes. External pressure on the eyes can lead to blepharospasms.
- Wash your eyes with cold water as it rejuvenates sore eyes.
- You can have a banana every day to control eye twitching. It contains zinc and potassium, which is beneficial in involuntary eye movements.
- You can put a slice of cucumber and potato on your eyes to provide cooling effects. Moreover, they may control under-eye dark circles.
- Leverage on eye drops to lubricate your eye muscles and improve eyesight.
- You can gently cleanse your eyelids to protect them from twitching.
- Avoid unnecessary eye strain by wearing eyeglasses.
In addition to these self-care tips, you may use homeopathy to control blepharospasms. It is effective in controlling mild to moderate cases. Homeopathy strengthens the eye muscle and prevents involuntary eye movements naturally. When homeopathy remedies are combined with eye exercises, it provides beneficial results.