When your blood pressure rises above the normal level, it is known as high blood pressure. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It measures how much blood flows through your arteries at a particular period and the amount of resistance it is going through. Narrow arteries can increase resistance. The narrower the arteries are higher is the blood pressure.
Hypertension over a long period can cause several diseases, including various conditions related to the heart. The symptoms are generally not visible or are observed by the patients. Even without observable symptoms, it can cause immense damage to your heart, kidneys, and lungs. The early detection of hypertension is essential for all the patients who are suffering from it. Regular checkups help you and your doctor to monitor your health and the fluctuation in blood pressure levels.
During the daily test for blood pressure, if you or your doctor notices any abnormalities, immediate action can be taken. Treatment for this medical condition is making healthy lifestyle changes and the use of medications. In case health professionals cannot treat this problem through traditional methods, it can lead to health issues such as atherosclerosis, strokes, and heart attacks.
There are two main varieties of hypertension. They are:
The other name for primary hypertension is essential hypertension. Generally, adults suffer more from it. The specific cause for hypertension is still unknown. The different causes for hypertension include diet, lifestyle changes, genetics, and age factors. Unhealthy lifestyle choices include drinking alcohol excessively, smoking, increased usage of sodium content, and lack of exercise. Changes in lifestyle and choosing healthy living over unhealthy life can lower your blood pressure and reduce the complications related to hypertension.
Secondary hypertension is diagnosed when the signs and symptoms are visible. The causes of secondary hypertension are reversible. People who are suffering from it are significantly less in number.
Various kinds of hypertension that sub-fit between primary and secondary hypertension are:
When the blood pressure is high and is uncontrollable by multiple medications or different therapies, it is known as resistant hypertension. It got its name as even after using various medications and numerous treatments, no visible difference is seen. Blood pressure is constantly high. People who are suffering from it may have secondary hypertension where the exact cause is unknown. Treatment for resistant hypertension includes drug therapies and identification of causes.
A type of high blood pressure that can cause damage to your organs. The condition created by malignant hypertension is an emergency condition. It is one of the most severe types of hypertension. There is an abnormal increase in blood pressure with additional damage to multiple organs of the body. It is a rare condition. It is an emergency medical condition where immediate treatment is required.
- Isolated systolic hypertension
It is defined as a type of blood pressure in which the diastolic blood pressure is above 90mmHg, and systolic blood pressure is above 140mmHg. It is one of the most common types of hypertension in old age people. The stiffness of arteries increases with age which are the possible causes of this condition. Younger people are also susceptible to it. Did you know that isolated systolic hypertension is common in 2 to 8 percent of younger people? It is a fact that people in their middle and younger ages are at increased risk of strokes and heart attacks.
Signs and symptoms are generally not visible in the case of high blood pressure. Very few people experience signs such as headaches, shortness of breath, and nose bleeding. Major symptoms and signs are not observable until the blood pressure levels reach the life-threatening stage.
Routine checkups and measurements of blood pressures are advised for all susceptible patients. If you are 40 years or more, ask for regular blood pressure tests. Blood pressure should check it at both arms to notice any difference. In case you have high blood pressure or other diseases related to the cardiovascular system, your doctor or health professional will advise regular checkups.
Children who are at least three years of age or are younger than that will get their blood pressure checked as a part of their yearly checkups. You can measure your levels in your home by using machines that are available in general medical stores or visit a healthcare facility nearby.
The actual cause of primary essential hypertension is unknown. Generally, this kind of hypertension develops over a long period.
The causes of secondary hypertension are as under.
Some people suffer from high blood pressure due to underlying health issues or conditions. This type of hypertension occurs immediately and can cause an increase in blood pressure when compared to essential hypertension. Various conditions and medications which cause secondary hypertension are given below:
- Drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines
- Pills such as birth control pills, cold remedies, and other prescribed drugs
- Defects haematological effects with which an individual is born
- Thyroid problems
- Tumours of adrenal glands
- Kidney disease
- Obstructive sleep apnea
Other risk factors which can be the possible cause for hypertension are given below:
- Age: With increasing age, the risk of developing hypertension also increases. Age as a cause for hypertension is more common in men than in women. Women can develop hypertension after the age of 65.
- Race: The incidence of high blood pressure is more common in black people than white people. Serious complications such as strokes, heart attacks, and other cardiovascular diseases are more common in African people.
- Family history: Genetic histories can lead and be the probable cause of hypertension.
- Overweight or obesity: Obesity or an increase in weight are other probable causes of high blood pressure.
- Lack of exercise: The absence of physical activity or exercise can lead to stiffening of arteries due to fat deposition. The narrower the arteries higher is the blood pressure.
- Using tobacco: Smoking and consumption of tobacco can immediately increase your blood pressure levels.
- Increased salt intake or sodium consumption can lead to hypertension.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- Excessive stress
Pregnancy is also one of the causes of hypertension. Besides, children can also develop high blood pressure. Conditions like hypertension are caused due to underlying health conditions such as kidney diseases, heart diseases. Unhealthy lifestyle choices, lack of exercise, and stress can also contribute to this problem.
Your doctor will ask you questions about your medical history and family genetic history. Your doctor may also perform a physical examination to diagnose your conditions, and your blood pressure may be checked.
The different events in measuring blood pressure fall under the below-mentioned categories:
When your blood pressure ranges from 120/80mmHg
When your systolic blood pressure ranges from 120 to 129mmHg and your diastolic blood pressure is below 80mmHg.
It ranges from 130mmHg to 139mmHg systolic, and the diastolic blood pressure ranges from 80mmHg to 89mmHg.
When the systolic blood pressure is 140mmHg or above, and the diastolic blood pressure ranges from 90mmHg or higher. It is a more severe form of hypertension.
When the blood pressure rises above 180/120mmHg, it is known as a hypertensive crisis. It is an emergency where medical help is immediately required.
Hypertension is a result of underlying diseases. Homoeopathic treatment offers a good prognosis and cares for the patients who are suffering from hypertension. Homeotherapy includes curing the conditions from its root. It treats the patients as a whole, and the treatment varies from person to person.
Homeotherapy involves the treatment by considering both mental and physical health. Homoeopaths use all the signs and symptoms as a ladder for treating all the patients. It is advised that people who are suffering from hypertension should seek medical help as fast as possible.