When an individual hears ringing noises or other sounds through their ears that condition is known as tinnitus. Generally, the noise which the patient can hear through their ears is not produced by any external means, and people around you are not able to hear it. Tinnitus is common in old aged people and nearly 15-20% of people are affected by it around the world. The major factors which can cause it are ear injuries, hearing loss related to old age, or various other problems related to the circulatory system. Individuals who are suffering from tinnitus can get rid of it if they are provided with proper treatment and care. The treatment includes curing the underlying health condition, using medications, and undergoing procedures that can decrease the sound or the noise audible to the patients.
Tinnitus is a common problem. There are several types of it and every patient who suffers from this condition has different symptoms. Various type of tinnitus are given below:
Subjective tinnitus is the most common form of tinnitus. Patients are suffering from it in a large number. Patients who are suffering from tinnitus are able to hear sound and noises which are only audible in their environment; people around them cannot listen to it. It can vary in intensity and length from person to person. The sounds made by it can make the patient uncomfortable as they cannot hear other sounds in the environment. Due to subjective tinnitus, concentration building becomes difficult for the patients. The treatment for it includes exposing the affected individual to the calming sounds and avoiding the loud or buzzing noises which are very common in this type of tinnitus.
Generally, people experience sensory tinnitus which occurs due to the impairment in the auditory system of the human body. The cure for this type of tinnitus is unknown but we can plan the treatment according to the needs of the patients by introducing them to sound management programmes. The subjective form of tinnitus is known as sensory tinnitus. Causes of it include various disorders which can affect the brain and the way it produces sound. Patients can feel off the balance or not in control if they suffer from neurological tinnitus.
It is related to the physical movements and touch of the body. Somatic tinnitus is developed by the spasms in the muscles of the neck or shoulders and other related mechanical sources. Treatment for somatic tinnitus includes sound therapies but health professionals can also include massage therapies. Several dental problems such as tooth impaction, clenched jaw and other dental problems can also produce somatic tinnitus. The other name for it is conductive tinnitus. The main reason for naming it as conductive tinnitus is caused by external sources or functions rather than some internal or neurological problems. In some cases of somatic tinnitus people around the patients suffering from it are able to hear noises and sounds.
It is one of the rarest forms of tinnitus. Objective tinnitus can be heard by the doctor or health professionals by using a stethoscope. This type of tinnitus moves in time with the patient's heartbeat.
Tinnitus is defined as a problem where the affected individuals can hear sounds or noises through their ears that others or people around them cannot hear. People affected with tinnitus can hear sounds like buzzing, roaring, clicking, humming, and hissing. Generally, most patients suffer from subjective tinnitus but the intensity and lengths of the sounds can vary. The sounds or the noises produced under this situation can be of high or low intensity. In some cases, the sounds can be very high which can interfere with your ability to concentrate. The duration of it can vary as well. For some patients, it can be a few seconds and for others, it can stay for hours. Under very conditions tinnitus can occur as a pulsating or a whooshing sound. When this pulsating sound syncs with your heartbeat it is called pulsatile tinnitus.
The symptoms of tinnitus can be different for different people and they can vary from one patient to another. People who are suffering from this condition may notice:
- Problems at professional and personal levels
- Irritability and anxiety
- Problems with memorizing
- Trouble in concentrating
- Sleep problems
There are several causes of tinnitus but the major and exact cause is unknown. Different causes of tinnitus are given below:
Tiny hair cells are known as cochlea move when sound waves travel along with your ear areas. The movement caused by sound waves produces electrical signals which travel from the nerve to the brain. The nerve is specifically known as the auditory nerve. The human brain interprets these waves and sounds or noises. If the cells inside your ear are broken or are weak and are exposed to loud noises, there are high chances that you can suffer from tinnitus.
- Ear infection or ear canal blockage:
The area of the ear or the canal can get blocked with dirt, wax, or foreign materials that can cause ear infection. Infections in the ear can lead to tinnitus.
Trauma to the inner ear or neck areas can cause severe injuries in the inner ear. Injuries can lead to tinnitus.
There are several medications such as [NSAIDS] non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-cancer drugs, antimalarial drugs, and diuretics that can cause tinnitus.
Several other problems can cause tinnitus and although they are less common, they can pose a threat. Some of the problems are given below:
- Several chronic conditions such as thyroid problems, cardiovascular problems, migraines, and anaemia can lead to tinnitus.
- Blood vessel disorders such as hypertension, hypotension, atherosclerosis, etc. can lead to tinnitus in the human body.
- Acoustic neuroma and other tumours such as tumours of the head and neck can lead to tinnitus.
- Temporomandibular joint disorders
- Muscle spasms in the inner ear
- Ear bone changes
- Eustachian tube dysfunction
- Meniere's disease
Doctors or health professionals can identify your disease based on the symptoms. Doctors will check you and will ask questions about your medical history, genetic history and factors related to it. To diagnose tinnitus, your doctor may ask you to take some additional tests. The additional tests are given below:
- Hearing [audiological exam]:
The patient will sit in a soundproof room with earphones on their ears. In the room the professionals will transmit sounds at specific periods. When you will hear the sound you have to give signals to your doctors which will then get compared with normal people of your age.
The movements of your eyes, temporomandibular joint, and jaw must be checked by the doctor.
Health professionals or doctors may advise taking MRI, CT scan for better diagnosis and treatment plan.
Blood may be drawn to check for heart diseases, vitamin deficiencies, and thyroid problems.
The treatment for tinnitus in homoeopathy involves natural methods. Homoeopathic treatment involves using natural products derived from herbs, shrubs, flowers, and trees for the best treatment. The medicines used in this treatment are devoid of side effects whereas allopathic medicines can produce several side effects. Side effects from allopathic medicines include blurred vision, dry mouth, constipation and heart problems.
Homeotherapy can cure the root cause of tinnitus whereas sound management approaches can suppress the symptoms. Antibiotics can treat this problem by using other supplementary solutions as well. The symptoms and signs are different for every person so the qualified homoeopath needs to identify the exact cause to plan the treatment. It is advised to take consultation from any homeopath or medical practitioner before taking any specific medicine.