The disorder related to the large intestine is commonly known as irritable bowel syndrome [IBS]. The major signs and symptoms of this disorder are cramps, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, gas and bloating. It is a chronic and painful condition and long term medical treatment is generally required.
Generally, people who suffer from IBS suffer from mild signs and symptoms. Patients who face severe symptoms need counselling and medications to manage the condition. You can manage the symptoms of IBS by choosing healthy lifestyle options such as managing a proper diet, ideal lifestyle and reducing stress. It should be noted that irritable bowel syndrome does not increase the risk or the chances of acquiring colorectal cancer.
Like many gastrointestinal disorders, IBS is caused when there are disruptions between the communication of the brain and gut. As it is a long term disorder that develops before the age of 50, proper treatment is required. There are multiple forms of IBS, such as IBS-C, IBS-D, and IBS-M/IBS-A among others.
Irritable bowel syndrome is connected to various other health issues. Sometimes it can also develop due to intestinal infections or diverticulitis. It is recommended that the signs and symptoms of IBS should be noted carefully so that your doctor can work for your better health efficiently.
IBS-C is also known as irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. It is the most prevalent type of IBS. IBS-C can arise when the bowel movement of an individual consists of 25 percent of hard and lumpy stools as well as have less than 25 percent loose consistency in the stools. The irritable bowel syndrome with constipation causes abdominal pain, gas, bloating, and people who are suffering from it can experience fewer bowel movements.
Popularly, IBS-D is also known as irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhoea. The signs and symptoms occurring in IBS-D are opposite to the signs of IBS-C. When a person is suffering from this disorder, they will experience more than a quarter of bowel movements that are hard, and the remaining quarter is loose. Signs of IBS-D include abdominal pain, excessive gas and bloating.
Sometimes people can also suffer from IBS-M, which is also known as irritable bowel syndrome with mixed bowel habits. IBS-M is also known as IBS-A, which is widely known as irritable bowel syndrome with alternating diarrhoea. If a person is suffering from IBS-M or IBS-A, they experience an abnormal bowel movement. They will notice that their stools are both watery and hard. Stool samples of the affected individuals must be 25 percent hard and watery to be classified as this type of IBS.
The signs and symptoms of this kind of IBS occur after you have suffered from a gastrointestinal infection. Even after the disease is cured, there can be inflammation and issues in the gut and intestinal permeability. The usual signs and symptoms of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome include vomiting and diarrhoea. Generally, 5 to 32 percent of people who have suffered from bacterial infections have higher chances of developing or acquiring post-infectious IBS. Patients can easily recover from this disorder, but it may take a long time to identify the underlying medical issues.
Patients who are suffering from diverticulitis have higher chances of experiencing IBS. Diverticulitis disease occurs when the small pouches in the large intestine, also known as diverticula, get infected or inflamed. The indications of diverticula include fever, nausea, abdominal pain and constipation. Post diverticulitis IBS is one of the most common complications that can occur after diverticulitis.
Irritable bowel syndrome is common in patients who suffer from frequent changes in their bowel movements. Other signs which are related to IBS are abdominal pain.
It should be noted that IBS is a chronic condition and requires immediate medical treatment.
The most common signs and symptoms of IBS are mentioned below:
- Pain in the abdominal area
- Cramps in the body
- Gas as well as the bloating
- The appearance of the bowel movement changes
- Frequency changes in bowel movement
- Excessive mucus secretion in stools
Immediate professional help is required if individual notice signs as given below:
- Swallowing difficulties
- Anaemia, especially iron-deficiency anaemia
- Rectal bleeding
- Diarrhoea at night specifically
- Weight loss
In case signs and symptoms are severe and cause immense discomfort, then it can be a possible case of colon cancer.
The possible causes of irritable bowel syndrome are still unknown. Factors that can supplement IBS are given below:
- Muscle contractions in the intestines:
Contractions that may last longer and are stronger can cause bloating, diarrhoea and gas. Similarly, the contractions which are weak and slow can lead to dry stools.
The nerves of the nervous system can cause problems in the gastrointestinal tract.
Patients who have suffered from severe infections such as diarrhoea caused by bacteria or viruses are at a higher risk of having IBS.
- Changes in the gut microbes
People who are suffering from IBS should take care of themselves and should avoid the foods and the factors which can trigger the symptoms.
Factors that can trigger the symptoms are:
The methods for definitive diagnosis have not been found yet. When you see the doctor, they will inquire about your medical history and perform a physical examination first. They may take blood samples and perform other tests to investigate all the possibilities.
Once all the conditions have been examined by the health professionals, they may then diagnose based on various criteria that include:
The Rome criteria majorly include abdominal pain and discomfort and the health professionals will diagnose based on these criteria.
Health professionals will diagnose IBS on the basic types of irritable bowel syndrome. The types of IBS include constipation dominant, diarrhoea dominant and mixed IBS.
Homoeopathic treatment is highly beneficial for individuals as the disorder can be treated from the root cause. Homoeopathy has the ability to produce long term benefits. The treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in homoeopathy includes procedures including conventional treatments. The conventional treatment consists of dietary changes, painkillers, stress-busting activities, laxatives and counselling from professionals. It has been proven that homoeopathy offers positive health changes to people suffering from IBS. The treatment of homeopathy is successful in irritable bowel syndrome as 62% of patients took the homeotherapy and have positive results.