A deviated septum occurs when the wall between your nasal passage is inclined on one side. It makes your nasal passage small. In addition, it may block your airflow, causing difficulty breathing. A deviated septum is normal for some people as they are born with it, while others may develop it after an accident or trauma that harms the nose.
A deviated septum can cause severe headaches and nasal congestion. However, these problems can be treated through surgery. In addition, some medicines control swelling in the nasal cavity and improve breathing. Some people also use nasal dilators to open the blocked nasal passages.
Septal deformities do not show any symptoms, and hence it is tough to diagnose a deviated septum. Moreover, most people do not know they have this medical condition. However, there are a few visible signs and symptoms that indicate a deviated nasal septum. These include:
- Blockage in the nostrils
Breathing with a blocked nostril is challenging. A deviated nasal septum blocks the airway and makes it hard for you to breathe correctly. The situation may take a downturn during cold and allergic reactions. Cold causes swelling in your nasal passage, leading to a narrow nasal cavity.
A deviated septum makes your nasal cavity dry, leading to nosebleeds.
- Facial pain
A deviated septum may cause one-sided facial pain. It is because the surfaces within the nose touch and cause pressure.
- Noisy breathing
If you have a deviated septum, you may experience noisy breathing while sleeping. It happens due to the swelling of the intranasal tissues.
- Awareness of the nasal cycle
When your nose is obstructed on one side, you face difficulty in breathing properly. To enhance your breathing, the nose changes sides. It is a normal process and is referred to as a nasal cycle.
- Sleeping in a preferred position
If you like to sleep on a particular side during the night to improve breathing, you may have a deviated nasal septum. When a nostril is narrow, you find it challenging to breathe appropriately.
A severely deviated septum affects your health and may cause nasal infection, headache, and difficult breathing. But when you have a minor defect, you may not feel any symptoms. However, you must visit a doctor if you have frequent nosebleeds, sinus infection, and a blocked nostril that does not improve after following the treatment.
A severely deviated septum causes harm to your wellbeing. It makes breathing difficult for you. As the air passage is narrow, it cannot maintain the moisture level inside your nasal cavity. The lack of moisture may lead to bleeding or crusting.
The possible causes of a deviated nasal septum are:
- Nose injury
A nose injury or trauma can deviate the septum from its position. As a result, the size of the nostrils change.
- Prevalent since birth
In some cases, a deviated nasal septum is present since birth. It is evident during fetal development.
Nose trauma may occur during strenuous physical activities. It is more evident in sports like wrestling. In children, a fall or nose injury while playing may lead to a deviated septum.
Your ageing process may aggravate the problems caused by a deviated nasal septum. Ageing changes the structure leading to a change in your nostril size. Moreover, if you have sinus cavities or rhinitis, you may develop nose obstruction.
A deviated nasal septum may lead to:
- Dry mouth: A blockage in the nasal passage makes it challenging to breathe appropriately. As a result, people with a deviated septum use their mouth for breathing, leading to a dry mouth.
- Nose congestion: A blocked nose causes pressure in the nasal passages. It reduces the airflow, and you face difficulty during deep breathing. Moreover, the lack of moisture may lead to nosebleeds.
- Disturbed sleep: Disturbed breathing during the night can lead to disturbed sleeping. The nasal congestion does not allow you to breathe comfortably while sleeping.
You can protect your nose from injury and accidents that may lead to a deviated septum. You can follow the below-mentioned tips to protect your nose.
- Wear a helmet: You must wear a helmet while driving a two-wheeler. Moreover, you must protect your face and head with a midface mask and helmet while bicycling. In addition, if you practice volleyball or football, wear a midface mask to prevent injuries after a fall or physical contact.
- Wear a seatbelt: Wear a seatbelt while driving a motorised vehicle. A seatbelt is one of the most powerful tools that can protect you from getting hurt in accidents.
If you follow this advice, you can limit the chances of developing a deviated nasal septum. However, it is challenging to avoid deviated septum that forms during childbirth or fetal development.
Before starting the diagnosis, a doctor may ask you about the noticeable symptoms. Next, the diagnosis begins with a physical examination. Your doctor may use a bright light to look at the insides of your nose. In addition, they may use a specially designed instrument that helps open up the nostrils.
While diagnosing your nose, a doctor may apply a decongestant spray to your nasal cavity. They look at your nasal tissues after using the spray to find nasal congestion's severity. Then, they may refer you to an ENT (Ear, nose and throat) specialist for further treatment.
A deviated nasal septum is a leading cause of sleep apnea. It is challenging to cure a deviated septum by using homeopathic medicines. However, homeopathy can help in relieving congested nose's symptoms. It strengthens your immune system and works on the symptoms that affect your health.
If you have a severely deviated nasal symptom, you can get relief by adopting homeopathy. It treats symptoms like blocked nose, sinusitis, headache, middle ear infection, and upper respiratory tract infection. In addition, homeopathy can help you avoid surgical intervention.