The condition in which the airways of the body are narrowed as well as swollen, and may produce excessive mucus is known as asthma. Asthma is a disease in which the affected patient may experience difficulty in breathing, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Asthma and its effects vary from one person to another. While for some, it can be a minor problem, for others it can be severe and life-threatening. The cure for this medical condition is not known yet but you can control the symptoms. It is highly recommended to all individuals suffering from asthma that they should consult their doctor as signs and symptoms change from time to time and from person to person.
Asthma is classified into different types but every kind of asthma is triggered by the same factors.
Factors that can trigger asthma are given below:
- Cigarette smoke or similar
- Pet dander
- Airborne pollutants
Various kinds of asthma are given below:
Asthma is one of the most common conditions in children. As soon as you start noticing symptoms and signs in your child, it is advised that you seek medical help. Once the condition is diagnosed by the medical professionals then treatment should start immediately as asthma can be life-threatening. Generally, the condition of the child affected by asthma can improve once they reach adulthood but it varies from person to person.
Asthma can affect you at any age, but the symptoms of this disease are more common in adults. Factors that can contribute to the risk of developing asthma are smoking, stress, obesity, hormonal changes, respiratory illnesses, allergens, and various allergies.
Allergic asthma is the most prevalent form of asthma affecting around 60% of the people who are suffering from this condition. People who have allergic asthma all have other diseases such as eczema, rhinitis, or some kind of food allergy. Allergens that can produce allergic asthma are pet dander, smoke, stress and lactose rich food products.
The type of asthma in which any kind of allergen is not required to trigger the attack is termed non-allergic asthma. Allergic asthma is more common than nonallergic asthma. Non-allergic asthma occurs in around 3-10 percent of people around the world and females are highly affected by it. Environmental and genetic factors are the two major factors that contribute to the development of nonallergic asthma.
It is a type of asthma that results after doing exercise or some kind of strenuous activity. The attack of this asthma occurs after 5-10 minutes of exercise. People who are affected by exercise-induced asthma may experience chest pain, wheezing, and coughing which can range from mild to severe. The factors which can worsen it include warm and humid air while practising yoga, cold and dry air while playing hockey or similar sport, exposure to air pollutants, chlorinated pools.
People who suffer from occupational asthma may experience symptoms that can get worse while working. The signs and symptoms of occupational asthma can improve once you finish the particular activity or work. The factors due to which asthma can arise are paints, aerosols, and pollutants but the development of asthma varies. Some people can have the symptoms within 24 hours while others can experience it after months or even years.
- Difficult to control asthma
The patients suffering from ‘difficult to control’ asthma may experience life-threatening asthma attacks. The factors due to which asthma cannot be controlled are underlying health conditions such as heart diseases, diabetes, smoking, or improper medical treatment.
It affects around 4% of adults who are already suffering from asthma. Patients experiencing severe asthma may develop more asthmatic attacks and have to take more steroids. It is also known as brittle asthma and the symptoms can sometimes be intense and life-threatening.
Asthma is a condition in which the affected person can suffer from various range of symptoms as mentioned below:
- Wheezing attacks
- Trouble sleeping due to coughing or wheezing
- Chest pain
- Tightness in chest
- Shortness of breath
Signs which confirms that your asthma is worsening are:
- If you need an inhaler quickly
- Increase in shortness of breath
- When the symptoms of asthma are severe and life-threatening
One should take emergency treatment if the following happens:
- Shortness of breath if you are performing minimal physical activity
- No signs of improvement visible even after using the inhaler
- Worsening of shortness in breath
The major cause of asthma is unknown. People who suffer from asthma may have developed it due to environmental or genetic conditions. The factors which can trigger asthma are different for different people. Some factors are given below:
- [GERD] gastroesophageal reflux disease
- Stress and emotional outburst
- Certain specific medications such as beta-blockers
- Air pollutants
- Respiratory infections like flu, the common cold
- Pollen grains, dust, mites, pet dander
- Cockroach waste
To diagnose asthma, your doctor may ask you about your medical history in addition to performing a physical examination. In addition to this, to proceed with the proper treatment, they may recommend some other tests as well.
Tests that are used to measure the functions of the lung are given below:
- Peak flow: It is a simple test that measures how hard the patient can breathe out the air.
- Spirometry: A test which is performed to check how much air you can breathe out after taking in a deep breath, and how fast you can breathe out.
In case your lung function improves after you have consumed a bronchodilator prescribed by your doctor, there is a possibility that you may have asthma.
Other additional tests used for the diagnosis are:
- Provocative testing for cold-induced asthma and exercise-induced asthma
- Imaging test
- Allergy testing
- Sputum eosinophils
- Nitric oxide test
- Methacholine challenge
The cause of asthma is unknown but the condition can be serious. Asthma can be life-threatening for the patient and many patients prefer homoeopathy as a treatment option. Homoeopathy is a natural way to cure several health problems including asthma. The treatment of various ailments using this holistic medicine includes natural ingredients such as flowers, shrubs, and herbs. The whole establishment of homeotherapy is based on the principle of dilution. According to the principles of homoeopathic treatment, the higher the dilution, the more successful the treatment is!